Richard II FitzAlan, Earl of Arundel, b 1346 and ELIZABETH de BOHUN b 1350

Richard Ii Fitzalan Earl of Arundel was born in 1346 in Arundel, Sussex, England. He died on 29 Sep 1397 in Beheaded in London England. He married Elizabeth de Bohun on 6 Oct 1359 in Derbyshire, England. Elizabeth de Bohun was born in 1350 in Derby, Derbyshire, England. She died on 11 Apr 1385 in Arundel Castle, Sussex, England. She was buried on 13 Apr 1385 in Sussex, England.

Richard was born in 1346.1,2 He was the son of Sir Richard Fitz Alan “Copped Hat” and Eleanor (Alianor of Lancaster) Plantagenet. He married Elizabeth de Bohun circa 28 September 1350

Richard’s brother was Thomas Arundel, who was Bishop of Ely from 1374 to 1388, then Archbishop of York from 1388 to 1397, then Archbishop of Canterbury.  At the coronation of Richard II, Richard FitzAlan carried the crown.

In 1377 he was admiral for the West and South.  In this capacity, he attacked Harfleur at Whitsun 1378, but was forced to return to his ships by the defenders.  Later, he and John of Gant attempted to seize Saint-Malo, but were unsuccessful. In 1386, Richard II named him Admiral of England, as well as being made a Knight of the Garter.  As Admiral of England he defeated Franco-Spanish-Flemish fleet off Margate in March 1387, along with Thomas de Mowbray, Early of Nottingham.

In August , the King dismissed Gloucester and FitzAlan from the Council and replaced them with his favorites.  The King summoned Gloucester and FitzAlan to meet with the King, but instead of coming, they raised troops and defeated the new Council at Radcot Bridge, taking the favorites prisoner. The Merciless Parliament the next year condemned the favorites.  FitzAlan was one of the Lords Appellant who accused and condemned RichardII’s favorites.  He made himself particulary odious to Richard by refusing, along with Gloucester to spare the life of Sir Simon Burley who had been condemned by the Merciless Parliament, even though the queen, Anne of Bohemia went down on her knees before them to beg for mercy.  Richard never forgave this humiliation and planned and waited for his moment of revenge.  In 1394 he further antagonized the King by arriving late fore the queen’s funeral.  Richard, in rage, snatched a wand and struck him in the face and drew blood.  Shortly after that, Richard feigned a reconciliation but he was only biding his time for the right moment to strike. Peace was concluded with France in 1389, however Richard FitzAlan followed Gloucester’s lead and stated that he would never agree with the peace that had been concluded. On 12 July 1397 he was arrested for his opposition to Richard II, as well as plotting with Gloucester to imprison the king.  He stood trial at Westminster and was attainted.  He was beheaded on 21 September 1397 and was buried in the church of the Augustin Friars Bread Steet, London.  Tradition holds that his final words were said to the executioner,  “torment me not long, strike off my head in one blow.”  In October of 1400, the attainder was reversed and Richard’s son Thomas succeeded to his fathers estates and honors.

Cockayne, G. E. The Complete Peerage Microprint Edition Gloucester:Sutton Publishing 2000

Powell, J. Enoch and Keith Wallis The House of Lords in the Middle Ages: A History of the English House of Lords to 1540 London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson 1968

Seward, Desmond The Hundred Years War: The English in France, 1337-1453 New York: Atheneum

Richard married Elizabeth de Bohun on 28 Sep 1359 in Derbyshire, Lincon, England. The child from this marriage was:

  1. Elizabeth FitzAlan Duchess of Norfolk

Elizabeth de Bohun, daughter of William de Bohun 1st Earl of Northampton and Elizabeth de Badlesmere Countess of Northampton, was born in 1345 in Derby, Derbyshire, England, died on 3 Apr 1385 in Arundel Castle, Sussex, England at age 40, and was buried on 5 Apr 1385 in Lewe, Sussex, England.Elizabeth was the Great-granddaughter of Edward I, King of England and Eleanor of Castile. She was the daughter of Sir William de Bohun Knight and Elizabeth de Badlesmere. She married Sir Richard Fitz Alan Knight circa 28 September 1359.1 Elizabeth died on 3 April 1385.1,2

Child of Elizabeth de Bohun and Sir Richard Fitz Alan Knight

  1. Elizabeth Fitz Alan+ b. c 1375, d. 1425

Citations

1. [S110] Aileen Lewers Langston, J. Orton Jr. Buck and Timothy Field and Beard, Pedigrees of Charlemagne v.II.

2. [S39] Frederick Lewis Weis and Jr. assisted by: David Faris

with additions and Corrections by: Walter Lee Sheppard, Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists~who came to New England between 1623 and 1650 The lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and some of their Descendants.

Richard Fitzalen, 11th Earl of Arundel